You might be confused by the all the abbreviations you see connected with teaching English. To start off with here are the most common abbreviations that you will surely already know about Studing English:
E is for English and L Language
but we can have three acronyms if you study them:
EFL-English as a Foreign Language. Used when a non-native English speaker is studying English in a non-English speaking country.
ESL-English as a Second Language. Used when a non-native-English speaker is studying English in an English-speaking country.
ESOL-English for Speakers of Other Languages. This term is more recent and is intended to be a more inclusive term (includes ESL and EFL).
T is for Teaching
If we add T + EFL: TEFL is the teaching of English as a foreign language; note that this sort of instruction can take place in any country, although TESL (teaching English as a second language) are often confused. The difference is, theoretically, that TEFL (or EFL) is teaching English outside of the English-speaking world, while TESL (or ESL) is teaching English to non-English speakers within an English-speaking country.
TESOL is a more inclusive term for teaching ESL and EFL.
T is for TEST
TOEFL – Test of English as a Foreign Language – the most common English proficiency exam for North American universities and colleges, also accepted by some British universities and employers as proof of English proficiency.
TOEIC – The TOEIC (pronounced “toe-ick”) is a Test of English for International Communication.
Trinity College London ESOL offers the Integrated Skills in English (ISE) series of 5 exams which assesses reading, writing, speaking and listening and is accepted by academic institutions in the UK.
Cambridge English Language Assessment offers a suite of eighteen globally available examinations including General English: Key English Test (KET), Preliminary English Test(PET), First Certificate in English (FCE), Certificate in Advanced English (CAE) and Certificate of Proficiency in English (CPE). Cambridge English Test
IELTS – International English Language Testing System
Here are some more important abbreviations related to teaching, teaching certificates, and English exams:
BC – British Council
BEC – Business English Certificate – Cambridge business English exam certificate BrE – British English
CELTA – Certificate in English language teaching to adults (Cambridge/RSA Teaching Certificate also known as C-TEFLA)
DELTA – Diploma in English language teaching (Cambridge/RSA Language Teaching Scheme)
K12 – Kindergarten – 12th grade.
KET – Key English Test – The most elementary of Cambridge’s series of exams
L1 – Language 1 – native language L2 – Language 2 – the language you are learning
MT – Mother Tongue
RP – Received Pronunciation – ‘standard’ British pronunciation
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